5G-TECHNOLOGY, What is 5g? Speed, Spectrum, Bandwidth-5g Benefits
What is 5g? Speed, Spectrum, Bandwidth

What is 5g?

Fifth Generation cellular technology generally is known as 5G is the latest technology. Everyone wants to know that What is 5g? Speed, 5g Spectrum, 5g Bandwidth and benefits of 5g. 5g is designed to increase the speed of the wireless technology. According to the research, with 5g technology, broadband connections could travel 20 Gbps. High speed is not the only miracle of 5G, however, it also increases the amount of data transfer from one broadband connection to another because of more available bandwidth.  Apart from these features, it offers users to create multiple virtual wireless networks within a single 5G connection. so, here we will discuss in detail about What is 5g? Speed, 5g Spectrum, 5g Bandwidth.

How Does 5G Works?

The information technology made tremendous development over the past few decades. 4G  was developed and it was more advance than the second and third generation, then it provided the foundation for the development of 5G.  The Radio access network is the main component of 4G as well as 5G networks and consists of different facilities such as towers, small cells and in building home system. For 5G network, these radio access network is redesigned and converted to small cell stations. 5G network works on these large numbers of small cell stations, these small cell stations are required because of the high wave spectrum. 5g relies on the band spectrum between 30GHz to 300GHz and it could travel only the small distances.

In addition to the radio access network, the core network is also an essential component of the broadband networks. Just like the radio access network, core network is redesigned to integrate with internet and to improve response timings. Many specifications of the 5g network are managed in the core.

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5G Bandwidth

The bandwidth of broadband connection is the distance between the lower and upper cutoff frequency. For 5G technology, the bandwidth is 500Mhz to 1-2 GHz.

5G Spectrum

5G works on three different bands of the spectrum. These bands include Low band spectrum, Mid band spectrum, and High band spectrum. Here are the brief details of all these three spectrum.

Low Band Spectrum

It is a 1GHz spectrum. USA used 1GHz spectrum , but now it is not that much functional. T-Mobile is the one who is investing in the low band spectrum and building its nationwide 5G network.

Mid Band Spectrum

It provides faster coverage and low latency than the low band spectrum. However, it failed to penetrate the huge buildings. The companies in the USA are working to improve the penetration and coverage of mid-band spectrum.  

High Band Spectrum

It is often referred to mmWave and we generally think about the high band spectrum when we think about the 5G. It offers the speed of 10Gbps. However, its building penetration level is poor and its the main drawback of high band spectrum.

5G Speed|How Fast is 5G?

5G network is currently the fastest internet connection. The estimated downloading speed of 5G network is around 1-10Gbps. There are different estimates about the uploading speed of 5G network and the consensus is that you can upload data of 10Gb in one second.

Benefits of 5G Network 

  • 5G network is the most developed technology in the field of a cellular network and it is offering amazing advantages to its users. Some of its benefits are as follows;
  • 5G network offers high-speed connection to its users.
  • 5G network decreases the latency. In other words, it decreases the response time. For example, When you click the video, you send the request to the network and when the video plays, it is the response of the network. In 4G network, the latency time is 20 milliseconds and it reduces to 1 millisecond in the 5G network.
  • It can be used in the remote control of heavy machinery with its low latency.
  • It would do miracles in the field of healthcare as well. The researchers are Expecting improvements in telemedicine, remote recovery, and  physical therapy via AR, precision surgery, and even remote surgery in the coming years.
  • The biggest benefit of the 5G network, it connects a larger number of devices than the traditional internet connection. It smoothly provides power to all the connected devices and this feature is greatly beneficial for the major industries, media, healthcare, and gaming.

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